10. Hong Moh

On March 3, 1921, Hong Moh hit White Rocks on Lamock Island (China’s south coast), broke in two and sank.

  • estimated number of victims: 980
  • number of survivors: 45

9. Kiche Maru

The Japanese steamer Kiche Maru sank during the typhoon on September 22, 1912 (5 months after the Titanic disaster).

  • estimated number of victims: 1,000
  • number of survivors: ???

8. RMS Empress of Ireland

On May 29, 1914, at two in the morning, on the dense fog of the Saint Lawrence River near Rimouski, the RMS Empress of Ireland collided with the Norwegian ship „Storstad”. After capsizing, it sank within 15 minutes. The perpetrator of the disaster was the captain of the Norwegian ship, who was sailing at excessive speed despite very difficult weather conditions.

RMS Empress of Ireland grafika

  • estimated number of victims: 1,012
  • number of survivors: 465

7. General Slocum

On June 15, 1904, a fire broke out on the PS General Slocum on the eastern river of New York, which quickly consumed the wooden structure to the waterline. The life-saving appliances on board were not serviceable. It was the worst catastrophe in New York until 2001 (the attack on the WTC).

General Slocum grafika

  • estimated number of victims: 1,021
  • number of survivors: 331

6. Toya Maru

On September 26, 1954, the Toya Maru ship was crossing the Japanese islands of Hokkaidō and Honshū during a typhoon. The captain, wanting to wait out the difficult weather conditions, dropped an anchor near the port of Hokodate. Unfortunately, the waves were so strong that it was broken and the ship was thrown out to sea. After a few minutes of uneven struggle with the elements, it capsized and sank.

Toya Maru grafika

  • estimated number of victims: 1,153
  • number of survivors: 150

5. Taiping

On January 27, 1949, the Taiping ship, while sailing at night with the lights off (due to curfew) near the Zhoushan archipelago, collided with a cargo ship. The exact number of victims is unknown as there were many refugees fleeing the civil war on board. Officially, the ship could accommodate about 600 people.

  • estimated number of victims: 1,500
  • number of survivors: 50

4. Titanic 

On April 14, 1912, at 11:40 PM, the Titanic struck an iceberg. After 2 hours and 40 minutes, it sank. There were only 20 lifeboats on board, which could carry 1,178 people.

Titanic  grafika

  • estimated number of victims: 1,516
  • number of survivors: 711

3. SS Mont-Blanc

On December 6, 1917, the Norwegian freighter SS Imo and the French SS Mont-Blanc, carrying large quantities of explosives, collided at the entrance to the port of Halifax, Nova Scotia. There was a massive explosion that razed over 1,600 homes in the port to the ground (12,000 were damaged). Until the atomic bomb blast in Hiroshima, it was the worst man-made disaster.

SS Mont-Blanc grafika

  • estimated number of victims: 2,000
  • number of survivors: 1 passenger died, the rest were saved.

2. Kiangya

On December 3 or 4, 1948, the SS Kiangya passenger ship exploded near the mouth of the Huangpu River, about 80 km from Shanghai. The exact number of victims is unknown as there were many refugees fleeing the civil war on board. Officially, the ship could carry 1,186 passengers. The cause of the explosion is unknown. Presumably, it was caused by the Japanese sea mine.

Kiangya grafika

  • estimated number of victims: from 2,750 to 3,920 (exact number unknown)
  • number of survivors: around 700

1. Doña Paz

On December 20, 1987, near Dumali Point in the Tablas strait, near Marinduque, the Doña Paz ferry collided with the MT Vector tanker, carrying over a million liters of gasoline. The ship and the sea around it immediately caught fire. Doña Paz sank after 2 hours, and the tanker after 4 hours. There were 3 times more people on the ship than it should have been.

Doña Paz grafika

fot. lindsaybridge / wikipedia.org (CC BY-SA 2.0)

  • estimated number of victims: 4,386
  • number of survivors: 24

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